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INTRODUCTION

How Taiwan faces China’s rise and global political and economic reorganization will quickly decide our fate and opportunities in the 21st century. As we face this severe and urgent challenge, we must also face the past and present by uniting and mobilizing research teams to implement in-depth research in order to have a clearer understanding of the Taiwan-China relations. Thus, the rising China is not only interesting to Taiwan’s academic research circle from a theoretical perspective, but it also contains deeper practical policy and survival implications.
 
NCCU’s “The Formation of Modern China and Regional Security Studies” will take the connection of Taiwan’s development with the rise of modern China as a perspective out of which the following basic research question will be analyzed: how have Chinese cultural ideologies and institutions and the changes of modernization processes shaped the rise of China and impacted Asia’s regional security? This topic is divided into four major lines of inquiry:
 
How Taiwan faces China’s rise and global political and economic reorganization will quickly decide our fate and opportunities in the 21st century. As we face this severe and urgent challenge, we must also face the past and present by uniting and mobilizing research teams to implement in-depth research in order to have a clearer understanding of the Taiwan-China relations. Thus, the rising China is not only interesting to Taiwan’s academic research circle from a theoretical perspective, but it also contains deeper practical policy and survival implications.
 
NCCU’s “The Formation of Modern China and Regional Security Studies” will take the connection of Taiwan’s development with the rise of modern China as a perspective out of which the following basic research question will be analyzed: how have Chinese cultural ideologies and institutions and the changes of modernization processes shaped the rise of China and impacted Asia’s regional security? This topic is divided into four major lines of inquiry:
 
  1. historical processes that have shaped modern China;
  2. the institutional basis of China‘s political and economic changes;
  3. the development and framework of China’s legal system;
  4. and the rise of China and modern security.
 
Overall, this research plan adopts a historical perspective for in depth investigation of China’s rise and the formation of modern China, change in China’s institutions, economic development and regional security. The entire world is focused on China’s development and on expanding their benefit during China’s rise. As an heir of traditional Chinese culture, Taiwan has an advantage when researching the institutional development, thinking and organizations behind China’s development. NCCU can use this chance to intensify China studies and increase our international academic links and influence. Finally, we also practically focus on peaceful Cross Strait development.
 
 Topics for investigation include:
 
  1. What is the relationship between the formation of modern China and traditional Chinese ideologies and institutions? During China’s modernization process what important factors have influenced the rise of contemporary China, and further influenced the frameworks of its institutional reforms and regional peace?
  2. What is the basic model of China’s political party reform? How has Chinese institutional reform influenced China’s economic development, environmental governance, and inner regional imbalances? As China’s rapid economic development has already had a major impact on peripheral regions, will it integrate with Taiwan’s economy in the future? How about with the Asian economies?
  3. How have traditional Chinese legal concepts and institutions influenced the contemporary market economy and shaped contemporary China’s legal frameworks? How has modern China’s socialist legal system dealt with the market economy? How has the market economy influenced the transformation of its legal institutions? How can Taiwan’s legal system influence the development of rule of law in China?
  4. How has China’s rise influenced international political and economic systems and affected changes in cross-strait relations? How can China maintain regional peace with peripheral regions? Facing the rise of China and major changes to international political and economic systems, how can Taiwan adjust its steps to keep moving forward?